According to the Bible, our heart is a composition of all three components of our soul – our mind, will, and emotions – plus the most important part of our spirit – our conscience.
Here are a few scriptures to begin the study of “What is the Biblical Heart?”
Our heart thinks.
“And Jesus, knowing their thoughts, said, Why are you thinking evil things in your hearts?” Matthew 9:4
Thinking is an activity of the mind, but the Lord Jesus asked the scribes why they were thinking in their hearts. This shows that our mind is part of our heart.
Our heart decides.
“Who, when he arrived and saw the grace of God, rejoiced and encouraged them all to remain with the Lord with purpose of heart.” Acts 11:23
To purpose is to decide strongly to do something, which is an exercise of our will. So this verse shows that our will is part of our heart.
Our heart feels.
“Therefore, you also now have sorrow; but I will see you again and your heart will rejoice, and no one takes your joy away from you.” John 16:22
Rejoicing is related to our emotions, but here we see that our heart rejoices. This shows us that our emotions are also part of our heart.
Our heart guides us to right or wrong.
“Let us come forward to the Holy of Holies with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience and having our bodies washed with pure water.” Hebrews 10:22
Having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience indicates that our conscience is also part of our heart.
This is further confirmed by the phrase “if our heart blames us” in 1 John 3:20. Since our conscience blames, or condemns, us when we’ve done something wrong, this verse also makes it very clear that our conscience is part of our heart.
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